Evidence-based Injury Prevention Resources
“Evidence-based” programs are prevention methodologies (i.e., policies, programs) that have been developed and evaluated using science-based processes. Experts use commonly agreed upon criteria for rating interventions, reaching a consensus that evaluation research findings are credible and sustainable.
Evidence-based is also referred to as science-based, evidence-informed and research-based models. These strategies are the agreed-upon standards of public health practice. Due to the varied and diverse issues involved in “injury prevention,” this resources page does not outline specific interventions, but rather web sites where information on evidence-based programs and best and promising practices in injury prevention can be found.
Disclaimer: ODH does not specifically endorse any of the sites or the content contained on the sites. They are provided as resources only.
Levels of Evidence-based Public Health Strategies
1. Best or Effective Practices indicate there is strong evidence the intervention works. There are sustainable, replicable programs that have demonstrated positive impact on prevention, costs and /or other stated outcomes.
2. Promising Practices indicate there is some evidence the intervention is effective, but additional research is needed in multiple settings to determine their full impact or effectiveness.
3. Innovative Practices are cutting edge efforts that are untested or locally developed in which there is currently insufficient evidence to determine their impact.
4. Untested Practices have not been evaluated or documented. If a particular strategy is not considered evidence-based, it does not mean the strategy is ineffective, but rather additional study is needed to determine whether the intervention is effective.
The Community Guide to Preventive Health Services
The Community Guide is known as the gold standard for evidence-based practice.
CDC: Effective and Promising Practices - Child Maltreatment
Risk Behaviors, Violence & Suicide Prevention
CDC: Understanding Evidence—New Online Training Tool Now Available
CDC: Effective and Promising Practices - Suicide Prevention
CDC: Effective and Promising Practices - Youth Violence
Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) Best Practices Registry
National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP) for Substance Abuse and Mental Health
Motor Vehicle Traffic
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA): A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide 2011
Falls Among Older Adults
Preventing Falls: What Works A CDC Compendium of Effective Community-based Intervention from Around the World - This compendium, designed for public health practitioners and community-based organizations, describes 14 scientifically tested and proven interventions.
Preventing Falls: How to Develop Community-based Fall Prevention Programs for Older Adults - This “how-to” guide from the CDC is designed for community-based organizations that are interested in developing their own effective fall prevention programs.
National Council on Aging – Center for Healthy Aging – Fall Prevention
Injury Prevention Program Evaluation Resources
Program evaluation is important when using an evidence-based program to ensure the program is being implemented effectively (program fidelity) and is appropriate for your particular population. Following are a few resources on injury prevention program evaluation.
The Art of Appropriate Evaluation - A Guide for Highway Safety Program Managers
Demonstrating Your Program’s Worth: A Primer on Evaluation for Programs to Prevent Unintentional Injury
Evaluation Guidebook for Community Youth Safety Programs, Children’s Safety Network
2011 Workshop: Working to Prevent Injury - The Public Health Approach
Injury Prevention Coalition Development Resources
Developing Coalitions: An Eight-step Guide- Coalitions are an effective means to implement evidence-based programs for nearly all injury topic areas.
Last Reviewed 3/22/13